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Saskatchewan

Saskatchewan
(Flag of Saskatchewan) (Coat of Arms of Saskatchewan)
Motto: Multis E Gentibus Vires (From many peoples, strength)
Other Canadian provinces and territories
Capital Regina
Largest city Saskatoon
Lieutenant Governor Lynda M. Haverstock
Premier Lorne Calvert (NDP)
Area 651,036 km² (7th)
 - Land 591,670 km²
 - Water 59,366 km² (9.1%)
Population (2004)
 - Population 996,194 (6th)
 - Density 1.72 /km² (9th)
Admittance into Confederation
 - Date September 1, 1905 (Split off

from NWT)

 - Order 8th (province)
Time zoneUTC-6 (no Daylight saving time) Lloydminster and vicinity: UTC -7, and does observe DST
Parliamentary representation
 - House seats 14
 - Senate seats 6
Abbreviations
 - Postal SK
 - ISO 3166–2 CA-SK
Postal Code PrefixS
Web site www.gov.sk.ca

Saskatchewan is a Canadian prairie province. It has an area of 651,900 km² (251,700 mi²) and a population of 978,934 (Saskatchewanians) (January 1, 2005). Most of its population lives in the southern part of the province. The largest city is Saskatoon with a population of 225,927 (January 1, 2005), followed by the province's capital, Regina (population: 192,800, January 1, 2005). Other major cities (in order of size) include Prince Albert, Moose Jaw, Yorkton, Swift Current, and North Battleford. See also List of communities in Saskatchewan.

Saskatchewan is (approximately) a quadrilateral bounded on the west by Alberta, on the north by the Northwest Territories, on the east by Manitoba, and on the south by the American states of Montana and North Dakota.

The province's name, pronounced "sus-KATCH-uh-wun" (IPA: [səsˈkætʃəwən]) by its inhabitants, comes from the Saskatchewan River, whose name comes from its Cree designation: kisiskāciwani-sīpiy (Cree syllabics: ᑭᓯᐢᑳᒋᐘᓂ ᓯᐱᐩ), meaning "swift flowing river".

Table of contents

Economy

Saskatchewan's economy is traditionally associated with agriculture, however increasing diversification has meant that now agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting together make up only 6.8% of the province's GDP. Wheat is the most familiar crop, and perhaps the one stereotypically associated with the province, but other grains like canola, flax, rye, oats and barley are also produced. Mining is also a major industry in the province, with Saskatchewan being the world leader in potash exports. In the northern part of the province, forestry is significant.

Saskatchewan is also the world's most important supplier of uranium, and supplies much of the western world's supplies. The uranium industry is closely regulated by the provincial government which allows the government of Saskatchewan great latitude in setting world uranium prices.

Saskatchewan's GDP in 2003 was approximately $32 billion (Canadian), with economic sectors breaking down in the following way:

Finance, Insurance, Real Estate and Leasing – 17.1% Mining and Petroleum – 13.0% Education, Health, and Social Services – 11.9% Wholesale and Retail Trade – 11.7% Transportation, Communication, and Utility – 9.1% Manufacturing – 7.7% Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting – 6.8% Business Services – 6.5% Government Services – 5.8% Construction – 5.0% Other – 5.3%

Bombardier runs the NATO Flight Training Centre in Moose Jaw. Bombardier was awarded a contract for $2.8 billion from the Federal Government for the purchase of military aircraft and the running of the training facility. This contract was made sometime between 2001 and 2002.

History

Prior to European settlement, Saskatchewan was settled by Athabaskan, Algonquian, and Sioux tribes. The first European to enter Saskatchewan was Henry Kelsey in 1690, who travelled up the Saskatchewan River in hopes of trading fur with the province's indigenous peoples. The first permanent European settlement was a Hudson's Bay Company post at Cumberland House founded by Samuel Hearne in 1774.

In the late 1850s and early 1860s, scientific expeditions led by John Palliser and Henry Youle Hind explored the prairie region of the province.

In the 1870s settlement of the province started to take off as the Canadian Pacific Railway was built, and the Canadian government divided up the land by the Dominion Land Survey and gave free land to any willing settlers. The North West Mounted Police set up several forts across Saskatchewan.

The indigenous peoples were forced onto their own reservations, and the Métis people who had settled there, led by Louis Riel, attempted the North-West Rebellion to form their own government independent from Canada. Riel surrendered after two months and was convicted of treason.

As more settlers came to Saskatchewan on the railway, its population grew and it became a full province in 1905.

Politics

Saskatchewan has the same form of government as the other Canadian provinces with a premier, legislature, and lieutenant-governor.

For many years Saskatchewan has been one of the more left leaning provinces. In 1944 they elected Tommy Douglas Premier of the first socialist government in North America. Under his Cooperative Commonwealth Federation government Saskatchewan became the first province to have socialized health care. In 1961, Douglas left provincial politics to become the first leader of the federal New Democratic Party .

During the post-war period the CCF and its successor the Saskatchewan New Democrats have dominated provincial politics with Douglas, Allan Blakeney and Roy Romanow all serving long periods as Premier and becoming national figures .

The Saskatchewan Liberal Party was the province's main centrist party for several decades but became insignificant following the defeat of Ross Thatcher's government in 1971. The Progressive Conservatives displaced the Liberals but imploded and officially withdrew from politics following the defeat of the scandal ridden government of Grant Devine.

Today, the official opposition in the province is the Saskatchewan Party, a new right-wing party built out of the remains of the Tories and right wing former Liberals. The current premier of Saskatchewan is New Democrat Lorne Calvert, whose government was re-elected in the 2003 election with a slim majority government--the NDP won 30 seats in the 58-seat Legislative Assembly, while the Saskatchewan Party won the remaining 28 seats.

Police Agencies

Royal Canadian Mounted Police

Regina Police Service

Saskatoon Police Service

Prince Albert Police Service

RM of Corman Park Police Service

Correctional Facilities

Saskatoon correctional centre

Regina Correctional Centre

Prince Albert Correctional Centre

Pine Grove Correctional Centre

Saskatchewan Penitentiary

Regional Psychiatric Centre



See also










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