November 1 is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 60 days remaining.
- 996 – Emperor Otto III issues a deed to Gottschalk, Bishop of Freising, which is the oldest known document using the name Ostarrîchi (Austria in Old High German).
- 1512 – The ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, painted by Michelangelo, is exhibited to the public for the first time.
- 1520 – The Strait of Magellan, the passage immediately south of mainland South America, connecting the Pacific and the Atlantic Oceans, is first navigated by Ferdinand Magellan during his global circumnavigation voyage.
- 1530 – An approximated 400,000 die after the Netherlands' dikes fail.
- 1604 – William Shakespeare's tragedy Othello is presented for the first time, at Whitehall Palace in London.
- 1611 – William Shakespeare's romantic comedy The Tempest is presented for the first time, at Whitehall Palace in London.
- 1683 – The British crown colony of New York is subdivided into 12 counties.
- 1755 – Lisbon earthquake: In Portugal, Lisbon is destroyed by a massive earthquake and tsunami, killing between sixty and ninety thousand people.
- 1765 – The British Parliament enacts the Stamp Act on the 13 colonies in order to help pay for British military operations in North America.
- 1790 – Edmund Burke publishes Reflections on the Revolution in France, in which he predicts that the French Revolution will end in disaster.
- 1800 – US President John Adams becomes the first President of the United States to live in the Executive Mansion (later renamed the White House).
- 1848 – In Boston, Massachusetts, the first medical school for women, The Boston Female Medical School (which will later merge with Boston University School of Medicine), opens.
- 1859 – The current Cape Lookout, North Carolina, lighthouse is lighted for the first time. Its first-order Fresnel lens can be seen for 19 miles (30 kilometers).
- 1861 – American Civil War: US President Abraham Lincoln appoints George McClellan as commander of the Union Army, replacing the aged General Winfield Scott.
- 1870 – In the United States, the Weather Bureau (later renamed the National Weather Service) makes its first official meteorological forecast.
- 1876 – New Zealand's provincial government system is dissolved.
- 1894 – Nicholas II becomes the new Tsar of Russia after his father, Alexander III, dies.
- 1896 – A picture showing the naked breasts of a woman appears in National Geographic magazine for the first time.
- 1914 – World War I: the first British naval defeat of the war, the Battle of Coronel is fought off of the coast of Chile.
- 1918 – Malbone Street Wreck: the worst rapid transit accident in world history occurs under the intersection of Malbone Street and Flatbush Avenue, Brooklyn, New York City, with at least 93 dead.
- 1922 – The last sultan of the Ottoman Empire, Mehmed VI, abdicates.
- 1939 – The first rabbit born after artificial insemination is shown to the world.
- 1943 – World War II: Operation Goodtime launched – United States Marines invade Bougainville in the Solomon Islands.
- 1944 – World War II: Operation Infatuate launched – The British Army land at Walcheren in the Netherlands.
- 1948 – Off southern Manchuria, 6,000 are killed as a Chinese merchant ship explodes and sinks.
- 1950 – Puerto Rican nationalists Griselio Torresola and Oscar Collazo attempt to assassinate US President Harry S. Truman.
- 1950 – Pope Pius XII claims Papal Infallibility when he formally defines the dogma of the Assumption of Mary.
- 1951 – US soldiers are exposed to an atomic explosion for training purposes in Desert Rock, Nevada; participation was not voluntary.
- 1952 – Operation Ivy – The United States successfully detonates the first hydrogen bomb, codenamed "Mike" ["m" for megaton], at Eniwetok island in the Bikini atoll located in the Pacific Ocean.
- 1954 – The Front de Libération Nationale fires the first shots of the Algerian War of Independence.
- 1955 – A United Airlines DC-6B explodes in mid-air and crashes near Longmont, Colorado, killing 44 people
- 1960 – While campaigning for President of the United States, John F. Kennedy announces his idea of the Peace Corps.
- 1963 – The Arecibo Observatory in Arecibo, Puerto Rico, with the largest radio telescope ever constructed, officially opens.
- 1963 – President Ngo Dinh Diem of South Vietnam is overthrown and executed in a coup d'état led by General Duong Van Minh.
- 1969 – After seven years off the top of the charts, Elvis Presley's song "Suspicious Minds," hits No. 1 on the Billboard Music charts.
- 1973 – Watergate Scandal: Leon Jaworski is appointed as the new Watergate Special Prosecutor.
- 1981 – Antigua and Barbuda gain independence from the United Kingdom.
- 1990 – A New York City civil jury awards Sandra Miller $100 for battery after an incident in which Mike Tyson grabbed her breasts and insulted her; the jury found Tyson's behavior "not outrageous".
- 1993 – The Maastricht Treaty takes effect, formally establishing the European Union.
- 1994 – George Lucas leaves the day-to-day operations of his filmmaking business and starts a sabbatical. While on sabbatical, he writes the prequel section of the Star Wars movies.
- 1994 – The Chijon Family is sentenced to death in South Korea for murdering and eating five people.
- 1998 – The European Court of Human Rights is instituted.
- 846 – Louis the Stammerer, King of West-Francia (d. 879)
- 1339 – Rudolf IV of Austria (d. 1365)
- 1351 – Duke Leopold III of Austria
- 1762 – Spencer Perceval, British Prime Minister (d. 1812)
- 1778 – Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden (d. 1837)
- 1798 – Sir Henry Lee Guinness, brewer
- 1808 – John Taylor, American religious leader
- 1871 – Stephen Crane, American writer (d. 1900)
- 1877 – Roger Quilter, composer (d. 1953)
- 1880 – Alfred Wegener, meteorologist and geophysicist (d. 1930)
- 1880 – Sholom Asch, writer (d. 1957)
- 1880 – Grantland Rice, sports writer (d. 1954)
- 1886 – Hermann Broch, Austrian author (d. 1951)
- 1892 – Alexander Alekhine, chess player (d. 1946)
- 1902 – Eugen Jochum, conductor (d. 1987)
- 1923 – Gordon R. Dickson, science fiction author (d. 2001)
- 1923 – Victoria de los Angeles, Catalan soprano
- 1929 – Betsy Palmer, actress
- 1934 – William Mathias, composer (d. 1992)
- 1935 – Gary Player, golfer
- 1940 – Ramesh Chandra Lahoti, Chief Justice of India
- 1942 – Ralph Klein, Premier of Alberta
- 1943 – Salvatore Adamo Belgian-Italian singer
- 1952 – Larry Flynt, magazine publisher
- 1957 – Lyle Lovett, singer
- 1957 – Carlos Paião, Portuguese singer (d. 1988)
- 1962 – Anthony Kiedis, singer
- 1963 – Rick Allen, drummer (Def Leppard)
- 1963 – Roddy Bottum, musician (Faith No More, Imperial Teen)
- 1967 – Sophie B. Hawkins, musician
- 1972 – Toni Collette, actress
- 1976 – Matt Chapman, creator of Homestar Runner
- 1399 – John V, Duke of Brittany (b. 1339)
- 1894 – Alexander III, Tsar of Russia
- 1903 – Theodor Mommsen, German author and recipient of the Nobel Prize in literature
- 1924 – William Tilghman, frontier marshal
- 1942 – Hugo Distler, German composer (b. 1908)
- 1963 – Ngo Dinh Diem, President of South Vietnam
- 1972 – Ezra Pound, American poet (b. 1885)
- 1979 – Mamie Eisenhower, First Lady of the United States
- 1982 – King Vidor, film director
- 1982 – James Broderick, actor
- 1983 – Anthony van Hoboken, musicologist
- 1985 – Phil Silvers, American actor and comedian
- 1999 – Walter Payton, American football player
- 2002 – Käte Jaenicke, actress
October 31 – November 2 – October 1 – December 1 – more historical anniversaries