New Haven County, Connecticut
As is the case with all eight of Connecticut's counties, there is no county government, and no county seat. In Connecticut, towns are responsible for all local government activities, including fire and rescue, snow removal and schools. In a few cases, neighboring towns will share certain resources. However, New Haven County is merely a group of towns on a map, and has no particular authority. The state judicial system, however, remains divided by county, and drivers receiving speeding tickets on state or interstate highways, for example, find themselves in New Haven County Court being escorted by a New Haven County Marshal. (See also: Greater New Haven)
Table of contents
The terrain is mostly flat near both the coast and the Housatonic River, rising significantly only in the north of the county. The highest elevation is close to the northernmost point in the county, found at two areas of approximately 1,050 feet (320 m) above sea level in the town of Wolcott. The lowest point is sea level.
Notable geographic landmarks:
- Hartford County — north
- Middlesex County — east
- Fairfield County — west
- Litchfield County — northwest
New Haven county is bounded on the south by Long Island Sound.
As of the census2 of 2000, there are 824,008 people, 319,040 households, and 210,566 families residing in the county. The population density is 525/km² (1,361/mi²). There are 340,732 housing units at an average density of 217/km² (563/mi²). The racial makeup of the county is 79.40% White, 11.32% Black or African American, 0.25% Native American, 2.33% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 4.51% from other races, and 2.16% from two or more races. 10.09% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 319,040 households out of which 31.20% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.60% are married couples living together, 13.60% have a female householder with no husband present, and 34.00% are non-families. 28.20% of all households are made up of individuals and 11.00% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.50 and the average family size is 3.08.
In the county the population is spread out with 24.50% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 30.00% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, and 14.50% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 37 years. For every 100 females there are 92.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 88.70 males.
The median income for a household in the county is $48,834, and the median income for a family is $60,549. Males have a median income of $43,643 versus $32,001 for females. The per capita income for the county is $24,439. 9.50% of the population and 7.00% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 13.00% of those under the age of 18 and 7.70% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
Cities, towns, and villages*
- Beacon Falls
- -- Branford Center (a village of Branford)
- -- Cheshire Village (a village of Chester)
- East Haven
- -- Guilford Center (a village of Guilford)
- -- Madison Center (a village of Madison)
- -- Woodmont (a village of Milford)
- New Haven
- North Branford
- North Haven
- -- Heritage Village (a village of Southbury)
- -- Wallingford Center (a village of Wallingford)
- West Haven
* Villages are census division, but have no separate corporate existence from the towns they are in.
Colleges and Universities
New Haven county serves as a center of advanced learning, with several noted educational institutions located within its borders centered on the city of New Haven. These include:
- Albertus Magnus College
- Gateway Community College
- Quinnipiac University
- Southern Connecticut State University
- University of New Haven
- Yale University
|Regions of Connecticut|
|New York metropolitan area/Gold Coast | Litchfield Hills | Naugatuck River Valley | Greater New Haven | Greater Hartford | Lower Connecticut River Valley | Quiet Corner | Southeastern Connecticut|
|Ansonia | Bridgeport | Bristol | Danbury | Fairfield | Greenwich | Groton | Hartford | Meriden | Middletown | Milford | Naugatuck | New Britain | New Haven | New London | North Haven | Norwalk | Norwich | Shelton | Stamford | Torrington | Waterbury | West Hartford|
|Fairfield | Hartford | Litchfield | Middlesex | New Haven | New London | Tolland | Windham|