Martinique is an overseas département (département d'outre-mer, or DOM) of France, located in the Caribbean Sea. The capital is Fort-de-France. Population at the 1999 census: 381,427 inhabitants. Population as of 2004 estimates: 393,000 inhabitants. It has an Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) of .mq.
Table of contents
Main article: History of Martinique
Colonized by France in 1635, the Carib Expulsion occurred in 1660 when the island's indigenous peoples were deported and banned from returning by the French occupying forces. The island has subsequently remained a French possession except for three brief periods of foreign occupation.
On May 8 1902 Mount Pelée, a volcano on the island erupted, destroying the town of St. Pierre killing over 30,000 people. Only one resident survived the blast — a prisoner by the name of Ludger Sylbaris, who was protected by the thick walls of his cell.
Martinique is especially well known for the number of great authors that have come from the island and become extremely famous in France and throughout the world. It has also become known for a form of music called zouk, which developed in the 1980s.
Main article: Politics of Martinique
Main article: Subdivisions of Martinique
Main article: Geography of Martinique
Main article: Economy of Martinique
Main article: Demographics of Martinique
Main article: Culture of Martinique
See also: Music of Martinique and Guadeloupe
- Communications in Martinique
- Transportation in Martinique
- Military: defense is the responsibility of France.
Military branches: French forces (Army, Navy, Air Force), Gendarmerie
- Foreign relations of Martinique
- Holidays in Martinique
External links and references
- Some material from the CIA World Factbook
- The Martinique Promotion Bureau
- Maps and Pictures (French)
|Countries in West Indies|
Antigua and Barbuda | Bahamas | Barbados | Cuba | Dominica | Dominican Republic | Grenada | Haiti | Jamaica | Saint Kitts and Nevis | Saint Lucia | Saint Vincent and the Grenadines | Trinidad and Tobago
Dependencies: Anguilla | Aruba | British Virgin Islands | Cayman Islands | Guadeloupe | Martinique | Montserrat | Navassa Island | Netherlands Antilles | Puerto Rico | Turks and Caicos Islands | U.S. Virgin Islands
|Regions of France|
|Alsace | Aquitaine | Auvergne | Bourgogne | Bretagne | Centre | Champagne-Ardenne | Corsica | Franche-Comté | Île-de-France | Languedoc-Roussillon | Limousin | Lorraine | Midi-Pyrénées | Nord-Pas de Calais | Lower Normandy | Upper Normandy | Pays-de-la-Loire | Picardy | Poitou-Charentes | Provence-Alpes-Côte-d'Azur | Rhône-Alpes|
|Guadeloupe | Guyane | Martinique | Réunion|