|Elevation:|| Lowest: Thermaic Gulf|
Highest: northern part
|Car designation:||KI (Kilkis)|
|Code for the municipalities:||28xx|
|Number of provinces:||2|
|Number of municipalities:||11|
|Number of independent communes:||1|
(also in Greek)
Kilkis (Greek: Κιλκίς, Bulgarian: Кукуш) is a small provincial city in Central Macedonia, Greece. It had a population of 16,000 citizens in 2001. It is also the capital city of the local prefecture (or nomos) and the capital of one of the two local provinces (or eparhia) of its prefecture.
The city was ruled by the Ottoman Empire before being taken by Bulgaria in the First Balkan War of 1912. In the Second Balkan War of 1913, the Greek army captured the city after a three-day battle between June 19-June 21. Although costly, with over 5,000 casualties on the Greek side and 7,000 on the Bulgarian, the Greek victory proved a decisive step towards victory in the war. Kilkis was almost completely destroyed during the battle, its Bulgarian inhabitants fled or were expelled to Bulgaria, settling, for the most part, in Sofia. The new town was built closer to the railway to Thessaloniki and was settled by Greeks expelled from Bulgaria and Asia Minor.
The significance of the Battle of Kilkis-Lahanas can be appreciated by the fact that Greece named a battleship after the city. However, Kilkis – formerly the USS Mississippi – was sunk by a German Junkers Ju 87 (Stuka) dive-bomber on April 23 1941, along with its sister-ship, in the third week of the invasion of Greece by Nazi Germany. The city of Kilkis came under Bulgarian rule in 1943 when the Bulgarian zone of occupation was expanded to include the prefectures of Kilkis and Chalcidice. The Bulgarians pursued a policy of "Bulgarianisation" with considerable brutality and intended to annex the region to Bulgaria, but were forbidden from doing so by their German allies, who feared destabilising Greece if the Bulgarians proceeded. The region became a major centre for partisan resistance activity before being liberated in 1944.
Table of contents
The mountains are Paiko to the west, parts of the western part of Kerkini to the northeast and Krousio to the east. Lake Doirani is siuated to the north and shares its eastern portion of the lake. The bounding prefectures and one district of another state (nation) are Serres to the east, the Thessaloniki prefecture to the south, Pella to the west and the Republic of Macedonia (FYROM) with the Gevgelija to the north.
The areas that mainly get Mediterranean climate is at the southern portion by the Axios valley. Its climate is mainly continental with cold winters in higher elevations.
Famous inhabitants of Kilkis
- Goce Delchev, Bulgarian revolutionary (1872–1903)
- Aleksandar Stanishev, Bulgarian physician, scientist and politician (1886–1945)
- Hristo Smirnenski, Bulgarian poet (1898–1923)
- Giorgos Floridis, politician, ex minister
- Savvas Tsitouridis, politician, minister of agriculture
- Dimitris Basis, singer
- Kiltidis Kostas, politician
- DAF, famous entertainer
|Municipality||YPES code||Seat||Postal code||Area code ((0)30-)|
|Kilkis||2806||Kilkis||611 00||23410–2 thru 7|
|Commune||YPES code||Seat||Postal code||Area code ((0)30-)|
- See also: Communities of Kilkis