|Yard:||Hawthorn Leslie (Shipbuilders) Ltd, Hebburn-on-Tyne, England|
|Numbers:||Yard No. 542|
|Launched:||24 August 1926|
|Completed:||5 November 1926|
|Operator:||British India Steam Navigation Company|
|Fate:||Sunk in air attack 26 November 1943|
|Displacement:||8602 tons gross|
|Propulsion:||Twin Screw, 2 x 4 Cylinder Quadruple Expansion, 5, 000 I.H.P.|
|Capacity:||Passengers: 281 First Class|
33 Second Class
100 Third Class
5064 Deck Passengers (reduced later to 3851)
HMT Rohna, (named after a village in Sonipat District, Punjab) was the first troop ship carrying US troops to be sunk during World War II, on 26 November 1943. The ship sunk in the Mediterranean North of Bougie, Algeria following an air attack.
1,138 men were lost, with 1,015 of them American troops and this still constitutes the largest loss of US troops at sea. A further 35 American troops of the 2000 originally on board later died of wounds. As well as the troops, 5 ship's officers and 117 ratings (of 200) died, along with 11 of the 12 gunners on board and 1 hospital orderly.
The heavy loss was in part due to a flotilla of seven empty LCI(L) craft failing to stop to pick up survivors, for which the commanding officer was relieved of his command. However, 606 survivors were rescued by the minesweeper USS Pioneer.
The sinking was also the first successful use by the Luftwaffe of a radio controlled glide bomb, the Henschel Hs 293 launched and controlled by a Heinkel 177 bomber and as such was the ever first casualty of a guided missile.