A lightstick, also called a glowstick, is a transparent plastic tube which contains chemical fluids held apart in two compartments. The outer plastic tube contains one part of the chemical mixture, and the inner compartment is a glass or brittle plastic tube containing the second mixture. If the lightstick is bent, the inner tube breaks and the chemicals mix, resulting in an reaction that emits light but not necessarily warmth. This phenomenon is called chemoluminescence.
By adjusting the concentrations of the two chemicals, manufacturers can produce lightsticks that either glow brightly for a short amount of time, or glow more dimly for a much longer amount of time. At maximum concentration (typically only found in laboratory settings), mixing the chemicals results in a furious reaction, producing large amounts of light for only a few seconds.
Heating a lightstick provides extra energy that causes the lightstick to glow brighter, but for a shorter period of time. Cooling a lightstick slows the reaction and causes it to last longer, but the light is dimmer.
|Sources of light / lighting
|Natural/Prehistoric/Non-electric light sources:|
|bioluminescence (Fireflies, Foxfire, et cetera) | Celestial objects | Lightning|
|Candle | Fire | Gas lighting | Kerosene lamp | Oil lamp | Rushlight|
|Betalights | Chemoluminescence/Lightsticks|
|Electric light sources:|
|Arc lamp | Incandescent | Fluorescent|
|HMI lamps | Mercury-vapor lamps | Metal halide lamps | Sodium vapor lamps | Xenon arc lamps|
|Electroluminescent (EL) lamps | LEDs | Neon and Argon lamps | Xenon flash lamps|