Gaithersburg is a city in Montgomery County, Maryland. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 52,613. This city is located at 39°8' North, 77°13' West, to the northwest of Rockville, Maryland, the county seat of Montgomery County. Gaithersburg was incorporated in 1878.
Its current mayor is Sidney A. Katz. (1998-). Previous Mayors include:
- George W. Meem 1898-1904
- Carson Ward 1904-1906
- John W. Walker 1906-1908
- E. D. Kingsley 1908-1912
- Richard H. Miles 1912-1918
- John W. Walker 1918-1924
- Walter M. Magruder 1924-1926
- William McBain 1926-1948
- Harry C. Perry, Sr. 1948-1954
- Merton F. Duvall 1954-1966
- John W. Griffith 1966-1967
- Harold C. Morris 1967-1974
- Susan E. Nicholson, May-Sept. 1974
- Milton M. Walker 1974-1976
- B. Daniel Walder 1976-1978
- Bruce A. Goldensohn 1978-1986
- W. Edward Bohrer, Jr. 1986-1998
Gaithersburg has a five-member City Council, which serves as the legislative body of the city. The Mayor serves as president of the council.
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Gaithersburg is located at 39°7'55" North, 77°13'35" West (39.131974, -77.226428)1.
As of the census2 of 2000, there are 52,613 people, 19,621 households, and 12,577 families residing in the city. The population density is 2,013.3/km² (5,216.2/mi²). There are 20,674 housing units at an average density of 791.1/km² (2,049.7/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 58.21% White, 14.60% Black or African American, 0.36% Native American, 13.76% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 8.62% from other races, and 4.39% from two or more races. 19.76% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 19,621 households out of which 34.8% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.6% are married couples living together, 11.2% have a female householder with no husband present, and 35.9% are non-families. 27.8% of all households are made up of individuals and 7.2% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.65 and the average family size is 3.25.
In the city the population is spread out with 25.0% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 37.7% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 8.2% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 34 years. For every 100 females there are 95.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 92.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $59,879, and the median income for a family is $66,669. Males have a median income of $44,331 versus $35,861 for females. The per capita income for the city is $27,323. 7.1% of the population and 4.9% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 7.2% of those under the age of 18 and 11.4% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
The area was originally known to local inhabitants as Log Town. The first house within the current Gaithersburg was built by Benjamin Gaither in 1802, and the name was changed in his honor shortly afterward.
The railroad was brought to Gaithersburg in the 1850s, with the Gaither family helping to get the railroad to come.
In 1899, Gaithersburg was selected as one of six global locations for the construction of an International Latitude Observatory. The Gaithersburg Latitude Observatory is (as of 2004) the only National Historic Landmark in the City of Gaithersburg.
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