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In 1884 Dr. Franklin Miles launched the Miles Medical Co. in Elkhart, which in later decades produced products like Alka-Seltzer and One-A-Day vitamins.
Elkhart is located at 41°40'59" North, 85°58'8" West (41.683149, -85.968798)1.
As of the census2 of 2000, there are 51,874 people, 20,072 households, and 12,504 families residing in the city. The population density is 937.7/km² (2,428.0/mi²). There are 21,688 housing units at an average density of 392.0/km² (1,015.1/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 71.48% White, 14.75% African American, 0.43% Native American, 1.17% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 9.16% from other races, and 2.95% from two or more races. 14.80% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 20,072 households out of which 33.4% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.9% are married couples living together, 15.3% have a female householder with no husband present, and 37.7% are non-families. 30.3% of all households are made up of individuals and 10.3% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.55 and the average family size is 3.16.
In the city the population is spread out with 28.4% under the age of 18, 11.1% from 18 to 24, 31.7% from 25 to 44, 18.0% from 45 to 64, and 10.7% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 31 years. For every 100 females there are 96.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 94.6 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $34,863, and the median income for a family is $40,514. Males have a median income of $30,674 versus $22,760 for females. The per capita income for the city is $17,890. 13.6% of the population and 11.1% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 18.6% of those under the age of 18 and 9.0% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.