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Canadian federal election, 1949

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Provincial results


The Canadian parliament after the 1949 election

The Canadian federal election of 1949 was held to elect members of the Canadian House of Commons. It was the first election in Canada in almost thirty years in which the Liberals were not led by William Lyon Mackenzie King. King had retired in 1948, and was replaced as Liberal leader by Louis St. Laurent. The Liberal party was re-elected with its fourth consecutive majority government, winning just under 50% of the vote.

The Progressive Conservative Party, led by former Premier of Ontario George Drew, gained little ground in this election.

Smaller parties, such as the social democratic Cooperative Commonwealth Federation, and Social Credit, a party that advocated monetary reform, lost support to the Liberals, and to a lesser extent, the Conservatives.


National results

Party Party Leader # of
candidates
Seats Popular Vote
1945 Elected % Change # % % Change
     Liberal Louis St. Laurent 258 117 191 +63.2% 2,874,813 49.15% +9.37%
     Progressive Conservative George Drew 249 65 41 -21.5% 1,734,261 29.65% +2.03%
     Cooperative Commonwealth M.J. Coldwell 180 28 13 -53.6% 784,770 13.42% -2.13%
     Social Credit Solon Low 28 13 10 -23.1% 135,217 2.31% -1.74%
     Independent 28 6 4 -33.3% 119,827 2.05% -2.84%
     Independent Liberal 15 8 1 -87.5% 30,407 0.52% -1.27%
     Liberal-Labour   2 - 1   11,730 0.20% +0.19%
     Liberal-Progressive   1 1 1 - 9,192 0.16% +0.04%
     Union of Electors   56 - - - 86,087 1.47% +1.46%
     Labour Progressive Tim Buck 17 1 - -100% 32,623 0.56% -1.58%
     Independent PC 6 1 - -100% 8,195 0.14% -0.14%
     Farmer-Labour   1 - - - 6,161 0.11% -0.07%
     National Unity Adrien Arcand 1 * - * 5,590 0.10% *
     Nationalist   1 * - * 4,994 0.09% *
     Independent Social Credit 2 * - * 4,598 0.08% *
     Labour   2 - - - 415 0.01% x
     Socialist Labour   1 * - * 271 x *
Total 851 243 262 +7.8% 5,849,151 100%  
Sources: http://www.elections.ca — History of Federal Ridings since 1867

Notes:

* The party did not nominate candidates in the previous election.

x – less than 0.005% of the popular vote

Results by province

Party Name BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS PE NL Terr Total
     Liberal Seats: 11 5 14 11 55 68 8 10 3 5 1 191
     Popular Vote: 36.7 33.8 43.4 45.1 45.1 60.4 53.8 52.7 49.2 71.9 49.0 49.1
     Progressive Conservative Seats: 3 2 1 1 25 2 2 2 1 2 - 41
     Vote: 27.9 16.8 14.4 22.0 37.4 24.5 39.4 37.5 48.4 27.9   29.7
     Cooperative Commonwealth Seats: 3 - 5 3 1 - - 1 - - - 13
     Vote: 31.5 10.0 40.9 25.9 15.2 1.1 4.2 9.9 2.4 0.2 17.0 13.4
     Social Credit Seats: - 10 -   -             10
     Vote: 0.5 37.4 0.9   0.2             2.3
     Independent Seats: 1     - - 3 -         4
     Vote: 2.6     2.1 0.1 6.1 0.2       34.0 2.1
     Independent Liberal Seats:         1 - -         1
     Vote:         0.3 1.3 1.4         0.5
     Liberal-Labour Seats:         1 -           1
     Vote:         0.6 xx           0.2
     Liberal-Progressive Seats:       1               1
     Vote:       2.9               0.2
Total Seats 18 17 20 16 83 73 10 13 4 7 1 262
Parties that won no seats:
     Union of Electors Vote:         0.1 5.1 1.0         1.5
     Labour Progressive Vote: 0.8 0.7 0.4 2.0 0.7 0.3           0.6
     Independent PC Vote:         xx 0.5           0.1
     Farmer-Labour Vote:         0.3             0.1
     National Unity Vote:           0.4           0.1
     Nationalist Vote:           0.3           0.1
     Independent Social Credit Vote:   1.4                   0.1
     Labour Vote:         xx xx           xx
     Socialist Labour Vote:         xx             xx

xx – less than 0.05% of the popular vote

Preceded by:
1945 federal election
Canadian federal elections Followed by:
1953 federal election









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