Braga is a city in northwestern Portugal, in the province of Minho, and capital of Braga district is an important city of Continental Portugal with a population of 112089 in 23 parishes(Urban Area) the Municipality has 62 parishes and 163784 inhabitants (2001 Census). Under the Roman Empire, it was capital of the province Calaecia, and its name was Bracara Augusta.
The Braga city has a very nice roman-style center, with many churches. Also, in a little mountain near the city, there are two religious places: Bom Jesus do Monte and Sameiro. A modern symbol of the city is the new Braga Municipal Stadium, carved out of the Monte Castro hill that overlooks the city.
The major industries in the city of Braga are construction industry, methalomecanics industry and software industry.
Braga is the see of the archbishopric. Braga was the center from which Galicia was Christianized, though the early bishops connected with Saint James the Great are purely legendary. A more historical bishop was Paternus, bishop of the see about 390. After the destruction of Astorga by the Visigoths (433), the see was removed to Braga, where it remained until the Moors conquered the region. Martin, abbot of Dumio and bishop of Braga (died in 580), born in Pannonia was the foremost Iberian scholar of his time, according to Gregory of Tours (Hist. Francorum V, xxxvii) Isidore of Seville ("De Viris illustribus", c. xxxv) says that Martin converted the Suevi Arianism, instilled Catholic discipline and founded monasteries.
When Afonso I, count of Portugal, declared his majority and his independence from Leon he was countered by his mother and the bishop of Braga. separated from Spain, the Bishop of Braga was assumed even greater importance. Though at a later date the papacy decided in favor of Toledo for primacy among Iberian bishops, there have been many very famous bishops and writers in the diocese of braga.
Braga gave its name to a historic street in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia. And the musical instrument known as the cavaco has its roots in Braga; the instrument was once so closely associated with the region that the braguinha.