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Asian Highway Network

Map of the highways
Asian Highway 2 sign near Ratchaburi, Thailand

The Asian Highway (AH) project is a cooperative project among countries in Asia and the United Nations ESCAP to improve the highway systems in Asia. It is one of the three pillars of Asian Land Transport Infrastructure Development (ALTID) project, endorsed by the ESCAP commission at its forty-eighth session in 1992, comprising Asian Highway, Trans-Asian Railway (TAR) and facilitation of land transport projects. The AH project was initiated by the United Nations in 1959 with the aim of promoting the development of international road transport in the region. During the first phase of the project (1960-1970) considerable progress was achieved, however, progress slowed down when financial assistance was suspended in 1975.

ESCAP has conducted several projects in cooperation with AH member countries step by step after the endorsement of ALTID in 1992.

The Intergovernmental Agreement on the Asian Highway Network (IGA) was adopted on November 18, 2003, by the Intergovernmental Meeting; the IGA includes Annex I, which identifies 55 AH routes among 32 member countries totalling approximately 140,000 km, and Annex II "Classification and Design Standards". During the 60th session of the ESCAP Commission at Shanghai, China, in April 2004, the IGA treaty was signed by 23 countries.

Route AH1 is proposed to extend from Tokyo to Istanbul and pass through both Koreas, China and other countries in Southeast, Central and South Asia.

The corridor is expected to improve trade links between East Asian countries, India and Russia.

To complete the route, existing roads will be upgraded and new roads constructed to link the network. A budget and timeline for construction is to be announced in 2006.

Table of contents

Route log

Single-digit routes run across the whole continent:

10–29 and 100–299 are assigned to South-East Asia:

  • AH11, 1,588 km; Vientiane, Laos (on AH12) to Sihanoukville, Cambodia
  • AH12, 1,195 km; Nateuy, Laos (on AH3) to Hin Kong, Thailand (on AH1)
  • AH13, 730 km; Oudomxai, Laos (on AH12) to Nakhon Sawan, Thailand (on AH1/AH2)
  • AH14, 2,077 km; Hai Phong, Vietnam to Mandalay, Myanmar (on AH1/AH2)
  • AH15, 566 km; Vinh, Vietnam (on AH1) to Udon Thani, Thailand (on AH12)
  • AH16, 1,032 km; Dong Ha, Vietnam (on AH1) to Tak, Thailand (on AH1/AH2)
  • AH18, 1,042 km; Hat Yai, Thailand (on AH2) to Johor Bahru Causeway, Malaysia
  • AH19, 459 km; Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand (on AH12) to Bangkok, Thailans (on AH2)
  • AH25, 2,549 km; Banda Aceh, Indonesia to Merak, Indonesia (on AH2)
  • AH26, 3,517 km; Laoag, Philippines to Zamboanga, Philippines

30–39 and 300–399 are assigned to East Asia and North-East Asia:

  • AH30, 2,739 km; Ussuriysk, Russia (on AH6) to Chita, Russia (on AH6)
  • AH31, 1,595 km; Belogorsk, Russia (on AH30) to Dalian, China
  • AH32, 3,748 km; Sonbong, North Korea (on AH6) to Hovd, Mongolia (on AH4)
  • AH33, 575 km; Harbin, China (on AH6/AH31) to Tongjiang, China
  • AH34, 1,033 km; Lianyungang, China to Xi'an, China (on AH5)

40–59 and 400–599 are assigned to South Asia:

  • AH41, 948 km; border between Myanmar and Bangladesh to Mongla, Bangladesh
  • AH42, 3,754 km; Lanzhou, China (on AH5) to Barhi, India (on AH1)
  • AH43, 3,024 km; Agra, India (on AH1) to Matara, Sri Lanka
  • AH44, 107 km; Dambulla, Sri Lanka (on AH43) to Trinconmalee, Sri Lanka
  • AH45, 2,030 km; Kolkata, India (on AH1) to Bangalore, India (on AH43/AH47)
  • AH46, 1,513 km; Kharagpur, India (on AH45) to Dhule, India (on AH47)
  • AH47, 2,057 km; Gwalior, India (on AH43) to Bangalore, India (on AH43/AH45)
  • AH48, 1 km; Phuentsholing, Bhutan to border between Bhutan and India
  • AH51, 862 km; Peshawar, Pakistan (on AH1) to Quetta, Pakistan (on AH2/AH7)

60–89 and 600–899 are assigned to North Asia, Central Asia and South-West Asia:

  • AH60, 2,151 km; Omsk, Russia (on AH6) to Burubaital, Kazakhstan (on AH7)
  • AH61, 4,158 km; Kashi, China (on AH4/AH65) to border between Russia and Ukraine
  • AH62, 2,722 km; Petropavlovsk, Kazakhstan (on AH6/AH64) to Mazar-i-Sharif, Afghanistan (on AH76)
  • AH63, 2,434 km; Samara, Russia (on AH6) to Guzar, Uzbekistan (on AH62)
  • AH64, 1,666 km; Barnaul, Russia (on AH4) to Petropavlovsk, Russia (on AH6/AH62)
  • AH65, 1,250 km; Kashi, China (on AH4/AH61) to Termez, Uzbekistan (on AH62)
  • AH66, 995 km; border between China and [{Tajikistan]] to Dushanbe, Tajikistan
  • AH67, 2,288 km; Kuitun, China (on AH5) to Zhezkazgan, Kazakhstan (on AH62)
  • AH68, 278 km; Jinghe, China (on AH5) to Ucharal, Kazakhstan (on AH60)
  • AH70, 4,832 km; border between Ukraine and Russia to Bandar Abbas, Iran
  • AH71, 426 km; Dilaram, Afghanistan (on AH1) to Dashtak, Iran (on AH75)
  • AH72, 1,147 km; Tehran, Iran (on AH1/AH2/AH8) to Bushehr, Iran
  • AH75, 1,871 km; Tejen, Turkmenistan (on AH5) to Chabahar, Iran
  • AH76, 986 km; Polekhumri, Afghanistan (on AH7) to Herat, Afghanistan (on AH1/AH77)
  • AH77, 1,298 km; Djbulsarcj, Afghanistan (on AH7) to Mary, Turkmenistan (on AH5)
  • AH78, 1,076 km; Ashgabat, Turkmenistan (on AH5) to Kerman, Iran (on AH2)
  • AH81, 1,143 km; Larsi, Georgia to Aktau, Kazakhstan (on AH70)
  • AH82, 1,261 km; border between Russia and Georgia to Iveoqlu, Iran (on AH1)
  • AH83, 172 km; Kazakh, Azerbaijan (on AH5) to Yerevan, Armenia (on AH81/AH82)
  • AH84, 1,188 km; Dogubayazit, Turkey (on AH1) to Icel, Turkey
  • AH85, 338 km; Refahiye, Turkey (on AH1) to Merzifon, Turkey (on AH5)
  • AH86, 247 km; Askale, Turkey (on AH1) to Trabzon, Turkey (on AH5)
  • AH87, 606 km; Ankara, Turkey (on AH1) to Izmir, Turkey

Distance by country

The planned network runs a total of 140,479 kilometres.

See also

External links

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