1968 Summer Olympics
The Games of the XIX Olympiad were held in Mexico City in 1968. Mexico City beat out Detroit, Buenos Aires and Lyon to host the Games. The Games were immediately preceded by the Tlatelolco massacre, in which hundred of students were killed by Mexican security forces.
|Games of the XIX Olympiad|
|Athletes participating||5,530 (4,750 men, 780 women)|
|Events||172 in 20 sports|
|Opening ceremonies||October 12, 1968|
|Closing ceremonies||October 27, 1968|
|Officially opened by||President Gustavo Díaz Ordaz|
|Athlete's Oath||Pablo Garrido|
|Olympic Torch||Norma Enriqueta Basilio de Sotelo|
Table of contents
- Because of the high altitude of Mexico City (2700 m), many endurance athletes have trouble coping with the thin air.
- For the first time, athletes from East and West Germany take part in separate teams, after having competed in a combined team up to 1964.
- US discus thrower Al Oerter, wins his fourth consecutive gold medal in the event to become only the second athlete to achieve this in an individual event.
- Bob Beamon jumps 8.90 m in the long jump, a 55 cm improvement of the World Record that would stand until 1991.
- In the triple jump, the previous world record was improved five times by three different athletes.
- Dick Fosbury wins the gold medal in the high jump using the radical Fosbury flop technique, which quickly became the dominant technique in the event.
- In the medal award ceremony, two African-American athletes Tommie Smith (gold) and John Carlos (bronze) raise their black-gloved fists as a symbol of Black Power. They are banned from the Olympic Games for life.
- Czechoslovakian gymnast Věra Čáslavská wins the hearts of the Mexican crowd and four gold medals.
- US swimmer Debbie Meyer became the first swimmer to win three individual gold medals, in the 200, 400 and 800 m freestyle events.
- The introduction of doping tests results in the first disqualification because of doping: Swedish pentathlete Hans-Gunnar Liljenwall is disqualified for alcohol use.
- John Stephen Akhwari of Tanzania became internationally famous after finishing the marathon in last place despite a dislocated knee.
See the medal winners, ordered by sport:
Top medal-collecting nations:
(for the full table, see 1968 Summer Olympics medal count)
(Host nation in bold.)
|1968 Summer Olympics medal count|
|1||United States of America||45||28||34||107|
|Summer Olympic Games|
|1896 | 1900 | 1904 | 1906* | 1908 | 1912 | 1916 | 1920 | 1924 | 1928 | 1932 | 1936 | 1940¹ | 1944¹ | 1948 | 1952 | 1956 | 1960 | 1964 | 1968 | 1972 | 1976 | 1980 | 1984 | 1988 | 1992 | 1996 | 2000 | 2004 | 2008 | 2012 | 2016 | 2020|
|Winter Olympic Games|
|1924 | 1928 | 1932 | 1936 | 1940¹ | 1944¹ | 1948 | 1952 | 1956 | 1960 | 1964 | 1968 | 1972 | 1976 | 1980 | 1984 | 1988 | 1992 | 1994 | 1998 | 2002 | 2006 | 2010 | 2014 | 2018|