1916 1917 1918 – 1919 – 1920 1921 1922
| Decades: |
1880s 1890s 1900s – 1910s – 1920s 1930s 1940s
| Centuries: |
19th century – 20th century – 21st century
Lists of leaders:
1919 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar).
Table of contents
- January 1 – Iolaire sinking disaster
- January 1 – Edsel Ford succeeds his father as head of the Ford Motor Company
- January 5 – Spartacist uprising – Socialist demonstrations in Berlin turn into attempted communist revolution
- January 9 – Spartacus revolutionary council folds – Friedrich Ebert orders Freikorps into action
- January 10-12 – Freikorps attack Spartacus supporters around Berlin
- January 11 – Romania annexes Transylvania.
- January 13 – Worker’s councils in Berlin end the general strike – Spartacus week is over
- January 15 – The Boston Molasses Disaster: Wave of molasses sweeps through Boston, killing 21 and injuring 150
- January 15 – Ignacy Jan Paderewski becomes Premier of Poland
- January 16 – The 18th Amendment, authorizing Prohibition, goes into effect in the United States
- January 18 – World War I: A peace conference opens in Versailles, France.
- January 18 – Bentley Motors is founded
- January 21 – the First Dáil Éireann meets in the Mansion House in Dublin. It is from this meeting that the Irish state dates its existence.
- January 25 – The League of Nations is founded
- February 1 – The first Miss America is crowned (New York City).
- February 3 – Soviet troops occupy Ukraine
- February 11 – Friedrich Ebert (SPD), is elected President of Germany.
- February 14 – Polish-Soviet War begins
- February 25 – Oregon places a 1 cent per gallon tax on gasoline, becoming the first U.S. state to levy a gasoline tax.
- February 26 – An act of the United States Congress establishes most of the Grand Canyon as a United States National Park (see Grand Canyon National Park).
- March 1 – March 1st Movement against Japanese colonial rule in Korea.
- March 2 – The first Communist International meets in Moscow
- March 15 – The American Legion forms in Paris
- March 21 – The Chinese High School was established in Singapore by Mr. Tan Kah Kee
- March 23 – In Milan, Italy, Benito Mussolini founds his Fascist political movement.
- March 31 – General strike begins in the Ruhr
- April 6-7 – Communist People’s Republic of Munich founded
- April 13 – At the Amritsar Massacre, British and Gurkha troops massacre 379 Indians.
- April 14 – Emperor of Austria moves to exile in Switzerland
- April 25 – Bauhaus movement founded
- April 25 – ANZAC day is celebrated for the first time in Australia.
- May 1 – Large left-wing demonstration in France leads to a violent confrontation with the police
- May 1 – In Cleveland, police and army confront the May Day parade and drive into crowd – 2 dead, one hundred injured
- May 3 – People's Republic of Munich is crushed
- May 4 – May Fourth Movement opposes foreign colonizers in China
- May 15 – Winnipeg launches general strike for better wages and working conditions.
- May 16 – US Navy Naval Curtiss aircraft NC-4 commanded by Albert Cushing Read departs Trepassey, Newfoundland, for Lisbon via the Azores on the first transatlantic flight
- May 17 – Committee of One Thousand forms to oppose Winnipeg General Strike
- May 25 – Volcano Kelut erupts in Java – 16.000 dead
- May 29 – Einstein's theory of general relativity confirmed by Arthur Eddington's observation of a total eclipse of the Sun.
- June 4 – Women's rights: The United States Congress approves the 19th Amendment to the United States Constitution, which would guarantee suffrage to women, and sends it to the U.S. states for ratification.
- June 14 – John Alcock and Arthur Brown depart St. John's, Newfoundland on the first nonstop transatlantic flight (they landed at Clifden, County Galway, Ireland the next day). 
- June 21 – Royal Canadian Mounted Police fire a volley into a crowd of unemployed war veterans, killing two, during Winnipeg General Strike.
- June 21 – Admiral Ludvig von Reuter scuttles the German fleet in Scapa Flow, Orkney. The nine sailors killed were the last casualties of the First World War.
- June 28 – The Treaty of Versailles is signed, ending World War I with Germany.
- July 6 – The British dirigible R-34 lands in New York, completing the first crossing of the Atlantic by an airship.
- July 31 – Strike of policemen in London and Liverpool for recognition of the National Union of Police and Prison Officers. Over 2,000 strikers are dismissed.
- August 11 – In Germany, the Weimar Constitution is passed into law.
- August 19 – Afghanistan gains independence from the United Kingdom.
- 16 August-26 August – First Silesian Uprising, the Poles in Upper Silesia rise against the Germans
- August 31 – American Communist Party is established
- September 10 – Treaty of Saint-Germain is signed, ending World War I with Austria.
- September 10-15: A hurricane kills 600 in the Gulf of Mexico and Texas.
- September 27 – Last British troops leave Archangel, Russia and leave fighting to the Russians
- October 1 – Elaine Race Riot breaks out in Arkansas
- October 2 – US President Woodrow Wilson suffers a massive stroke, leaving him partially paralyzed.
- October 9 – Black Sox scandal: The Cincinnati Reds "win" the World Series.
- October 9 – Boston police strike
- October 13 – Convention relating to the Regulation of Aerial Navigation signed.
- October 28 – Prohibition begins: The United States Congress passes the Volstead Act over President Woodrow Wilson's veto.
- November – At end of month health officials declare the global Spanish Flu Pandemic over
- November 10 – The first national convention of the American Legion is held in Minneapolis, Minnesota (convention ended on November 12).
- November 11 – The Centralia Massacre in Centralia, Washington results the deaths of four members of the American Legion and the lynching of a local leader of the IWW.
- November 27 – The Treaty of Neuilly is signed between Allies and Bulgaria.
- November 28 – The American-born Lady Astor is elected to the British House of Commons, becoming the first female MP to take a seat on December 1.
- December 12 – Gabriele D'Annunzio with his entourage marches into Fiume and convinces the Italian troops to join him
- December 30 – Lincoln's Inn, in London admits its first female bar student.
- The Paris Peace Conference
- The Åland Islands vote for a return to Swedish rule in a referendum.
- Les Champs Magnetiques, the first automatic book, is written by Andre Breton and Philippe Soupault.
- XWA (now CFCF), in Montreal, Quebec, is the first public radio station in North America to go on the air.
- Various strikes in USA: Strike of US railroad workers; Longshoreman’s strike; The Great Steel Strike; General strike in Seattle, Washington.
- Female suffrage in Germany and Luxemburg
- Henri Desire Landru captured
- Marcel Tolkowsky's Diamond Design is published.
- January 1 – J. D. Salinger, American novelist
- January 13 – Army Archerd, Hollywood journalist
- January 13 – Robert Stack, American actor (d. 2003)
- January 14 – Andy Rooney, American television journalist
- January 23 – Hans Haas, zoologist and underwater scientist
- January 23 – Ernie Kovacs, American comedian (d. 1962)
- January 25 – Edwin Newman, American journalist and writer
- January 26 – Valentino Mazzola, Italian footballer (d. 1949)
- January 27 – Ross Bagdasarian, American musician and actor (d. 1972)
- January 31 – Jackie Robinson, baseball player (d. 1972)
- February 5 – Andreas Papandreou, Greek politician (d. 1996)
- February 5 – Red Buttons, American actor
- February 11 – Gretchen Fraser, slalom skier
- February 11 – Eddie Robinson, American football coach
- February 12 – Forrest Tucker, American actor (d. 1986)
- February 13 – Tennessee Ernie Ford, American musician (d. 1991)
- March 2 – Jennifer Jones, American actress
- March 11 – Mercer Ellington, musician and composer (d. 1996)
- March 15 – Lawrence Tierney, American actor (d. 2002)
- March 17 – Nat King Cole, American singer (d. 1965)
- March 24 – Lawrence Ferlinghetti, American author and publisher
- March 30 – McGeorge Bundy, U.S. National Security Advisor (d. 1996)
- April 8 – Ian Douglas Smith, Prime Minister of Rhodesia
- May 1 – Dan O'Herlihy, Irish film actor (d. 2005)
- May 3 – Pete Seeger, American singer and musician
- May 7 – Eva Peron, wife of Argentine President Juan Peron (d. 1952)
- May 8 – Lex Barker, American actor (d. 1973)
- May 16 – Liberace, American pianist (d. 1987)
- May 16 – Gisela Uhlen, actress
- May 18 – Dame Margot Fonteyn, English ballet dancer (d. 1991)
- May 20 – George Gobel, American comedian (d. 1991)
- May 23 – Betty Garrett, American actress and dancer
- June 4 – Robert Merrill, American baritone (d. 2004)
- June 5 – Richard Scarry, American children's author (d. 1994)
- June 21 – Gérard Pelletier, French journalist, politician, and diplomat (d. 1997)
- June 26 – Richard Neustadt, American political historian (d. 2003)
- July 6 – Ernst Haefliger, Swiss tenor
- July 7 – Jon Pertwee, British actor (d. 1996)
- July 15 – Iris Murdoch, Irish novelist (d. 1999)
- July 20 – Edmund Hillary, New Zealand mountaineer
- August 11 – Ginette Neveu, French violinist (d. 1949)
- September 11 – Ota Sik, Czech economist and politician (d. 2004)
- September 21 – Fazlur Rahman, Pakistani Islamic scholar (d. 1988)
- September 27 – James H. Wilkinson, English mathematician (d. 1986)
- October 11 – Art Blakey, American jazz drummer (d. 1990)
- October 18 – Pierre Elliott Trudeau, Prime Minister of Canada (d. 2000)
- October 22 – Doris Lessing, British writer
- October 26 – Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Shah of Iran (d. 1980)
- November 10 – Mikhail Kalashnikov, Russian firearms inventor
- November 14 – Lisa Otto, German soprano
- November 18 – Andrée Borrel, French World War II heroine (d. 1944)
- November 28 – Keith Miller, Australian sportsman (d. 2004)
- December 31 – Tommy Byrne, Major League Baseball player
- January 6 – Theodore Roosevelt, 26th President of the United States (b. 1858)
- January 6 – Max Heindel, Christian occultist, astrologer, and mystic (b. 1865)
- January 15 – Rosa Luxemburg, German politician (executed)
- January 15 – Karl Liebknecht, German politician (executed) (b. 1871)
- January 18 – Prince John of the United Kingdom (b. 1905)
- February 17 – Wilfrid Laurier, seventh Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1841)
- April 4 – Sir William Crookes, English chemist and physicist (b. 1832)
- April 15 – Jane Delano, American nurse and founder or the American Red Cross Nursing Service (b. 1862)
- May 6 – L. Frank Baum, American writer (b. 1856)
- July 15 – Hermann Emil Fischer, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1852)
- July 26 – Sir Edward Poynter, British painter (b. 1936)
- August 9 – Ruggiero Leoncavallo, Italian composer (b. 1857)
- October 7 – Alfred Deakin, second Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1856)
- October 13 – Karl Adolph Gjellerup, Danish writer (b. 1857)
- October 18 – Viscount William Astor, American financier and statesman (b. 1848)
- December 3 – Pierre-Auguste Renoir, French painter (b. 1841)