1826 1827 1828 – 1829 – 1830 1831 1832
| Decades: |
1790s 1800s 1810s – 1820s – 1830s 1840s 1850s
| Centuries: |
18th century – 19th century – 20th century
1829 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar).
- January 4 – Sir John Colborne, Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada founds Upper Canada College, as a feeder school to the newly formed University of Toronto and a home for the colony's upper class.
- January 8 – Hanging of body-selling murderer William Burke – his associate William Hare, who testified against him, is released
- January 19 – Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's Faust premieres
- March 4 – Andrew Jackson succeeds John Quincy Adams as the President of the United States of America.
- March 22 – Greece receives autonomy from the Ottoman Empire. This effectively ends the Greek War of Independence. Greece continues to seek full independence through diplomatic negotiations with the Empire as well as with Russia, France and Britain.
- May 2 – After anchoring nearby, Captain Charles Fremantle of the HMS Challenger, declared the Swan River Colony in Australia.
- June 5 – HMS Pickle captures the armed slave ship Voladora off the coast of Cuba.
- June 1 – Captain James Stirling founds the Swan River Colony in Western Australia.
- June 10 – University of Oxford win the first Boat Race.
- July 23 – In the United States, William Burt patents the first typewriter.
- August 8 – The Prince de Polignac succeeds the Vicomte de Martignac as Prime Minister of France.
- October 17 – Hooded man tries to assassinate Kaspar Hauser
- September 16 – Treaty of Adrianople ends the Russo-Turkish War. Russia gains territory at the mouth of the Danube and along the eastern coast of the Black Sea.
- October – George Stephenson's steam locomotive, The Rocket, wins The Rainhill Trials held near Liverpool.
- December 4 – In the face of fierce opposition, British Lord William Bentinck carries a regulation declaring that all who abetted suttee in India were guilty of culpable homicide.
- December 13 – Last British hanging for forgery – Thomas Maynard
- Juan Manuel de Rosas becomes dictator of Argentina
- James Smithson leaves £100.000 to fund the Smithsonian Institution
- Peel's Metropolitan Police Act
- Religious freedom restored in Ireland (see History of Ireland)
- The last of the HMAV Bounty mutineers dies at Pitcairn Island.
- January 3 – Konrad Duden, philologist (d. 1911)
- January 21 – King Oscar II of Sweden and Norway (d. 1907)
- February 2 – Alfred Brehm, German zoologist (d. 1884)
- February 11 – William Anderson Pile American general
- February 26 – Levi Strauss, American clothing designer (d. 1902)
- March 2 – Carl Schurz, German revolutionary and American statesman (d. 1906)
- March 16 – Sully Prudhomme, French author, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Literature (d. 1907)
- May 5 – Shusaku Honinbo, Japanese Go player (d, 1862)
- May 8 – Louis Moreau Gottschalk, American composer and pianist (d. 1869)
- July 14 – Edward White Benson, Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1896)
- September 7 – Friedrich August Kekulé von Stradonitz, German chemist (d. 1896)
- October 3 – Sigismund von Schlichting, Prussian general (d. 1909)
- November 28 – Anton Rubinstein, Russian pianist and composer (d. 1894)
- February 10 – Pope Leo XII (b. 1760)
- April 6 – Niels Henrik Abel, Norwegian mathematician (b. 1802)
- May 17 – John Jay, first Chief Justice of the United States (b. 1845)
- May 29 – Sir Humphry Davy, British chemist (b. 1778)
- June 27 – James Smithson, American founder of the Smithsonian Institute (b. 1765)
- John Lansing, Jr., American statesman (disappeared) (b. 1754)