1776 1777 1778 – 1779 – 1780 1781 1782
| Decades: |
1740s 1750s 1760s – 1770s – 1780s 1790s 1800s
| Centuries: |
17th century – 18th century – 19th century
1779 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar).
- The Iron Bridge is completed across the River Severn in Shropshire; the first all cast-iron bridge ever constructed.
- Boulton and Watt's Smethwick Engine, now the oldest working engine in the world, is brought into service.
- The city of Tampere is founded in Finland.
- January 22 – Claudius Smith is hanged at Goshen, Orange County, New York for supposed acts of terrorism upon the people of the surrounding communities during the American Revolutionary War.
- May 13 – War of Bavarian Succession: Russian and French mediators at the Congress of Teschen negotiate an end to the war. In the agreement Austria receives a part of its territory that was taken from them (the Inn District).
- June 1 – American Revolutionary War: Benedict Arnold is court-martialed for malfeasance in his treatment of government property.
- July 16 – American Revolutionary War: United States forces led by General Anthony Wayne capture Stony Point, New York from British troops.
- July 22 – Exactly six months to the day after Claudius Smith was hanged, Mohawk Indian Chief Joseph Brant, completely wiped out the town of Goshen, New York in what was known as the Battle of Minisink leaving at least 33 living women as widows.
- December 13 – Marriage of Alexandre, Vicomte de Beauharnais to Joséphine Tascher de la Pagerie.
- December 25 – Fort Nashborough, later to become Nashville, Tennessee, founded by James Robertson.
- January 5 – Stephen Decatur, American naval officer (d. 1820)
- January 18 – Peter Roget, Scottish lexicographer (d. 1869)
- March 6 – Antoine-Henri Jomini, French eneral (d. 1869)
- March 15 – Lord Melbourne, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1848)
- May 28 – Thomas Moore, Irish poet (d. 1852)
- August 20 – Jöns Jakob Berzelius, Swedish chemist (d. 1848)
- November 14 – Adam Gottlob Oehlenschläger, Danish poet (d. 1850)
- January 20 – David Garrick, English actor (d. 1717)
- February 7 – William Boyce, English composer (b. 1711)
- February 14 – James Cook, British naval captain and explorer (b. 1728)
- June 7 – William Warburton, English critic and Bishop of Gloucester (b. 1698)
- December 6 – Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin, French painter (b. 1699)
- Emperor Go-Momozono of Japan (d. 1758)