1682 1683 1684 – 1685 – 1686 1687 1688
| Decades: |
1650s 1660s 1670s – 1680s – 1690s 1700s 1710s
| Centuries: |
16th century – 17th century – 18th century
- February 6 – James Stuart, Duke of York becomes King James II of England and Ireland and King James VII of Scotland.
- February 18 – Fort St. Louis is established by a Frenchman at Matagorda Bay thus forming the basis for France's claim to Texas.
- June 20 – Monmouth Rebellion: James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth, illegitimate son of King Charles II of England, Scotland and Ireland declares himself King and heir to his father's Kingdoms as James II of England and Ireland and James VII of Scotland, after already forming his own army and campaigning against his uncle.
- July 6 – Monmouth Rebellion: The Battle of Sedgemoor between the armies of King James II of England and rebel forces under Monmouth. Monmouth's army is defeated and the Duke himself is captured shortly after the battle.
- July 15 – The Duke of Monmouth is executed at Tower Hill
- October 18-19 – Louis XIV declares the Edict of Fontainebleau, which revokes the Edict of Nantes and declares Protestantism illegal.
- Adam Baldrigde founds a pirate base in St Mary Island in the Madagascar
- February 23 – George Frideric Handel, German composer (d. 1759)
- March 12 – George Berkeley, English philosopher (d. 1753)
- March 21 – Johann Sebastian Bach, German composer (d. 1750)
- June 30 – John Gay, English writer (d. 1732)
- October 1 – Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1740)
- October 26 – Domenico Scarlatti, Italian composer (d. 1757)