1603 1604 1605 – 1606 – 1607 1608 1609
| Decades: |
1570s 1580s 1590s – 1600s – 1610s 1620s 1630s
| Centuries: |
16th century – 17th century – 18th century
- January 27 – The trial of Guy Fawkes and other conspirators begins ending in their execution on January 31
- May 17 – Supporters of Vasili Shusky invade the Kremlin and kill pretender Dmitri
- December 26 – Shakespeare's King Lear performed in court
- Storm buries a village of St Ismail's near modern-day Kidwelly, Carmarthenshire, Britain
- The Treaty of Zsitva-Torok ends the Long War between the Habsburgs and the Ottomans in Hungary. The independence of Transylvania is recognized by both sides and Austria's annual tribute to the Ottoman Empire is abolished.
- First Union Flag created.
- The Jesuit Joannis Stribingius visits Latvia, describes Latvian mythology
- June 6 – Pierre Corneille, French author (d. 1684)
- July 15 – Rembrandt van Rijn, Dutch painter (d. 1669)
- September 22 – Li Zicheng, Chinese rebel (d. 1645)