1570 1571 1572 – 1573 – 1574 1575 1576
| Decades: |
1540s 1550s 1560s – 1570s – 1580s 1590s 1600s
| Centuries: |
15th century – 16th century – 17th century
1573 in literature
1573 in science
- January – articles of Warsaw Confederation signed, sanctioning religious freedom in Poland.
- July 12 – Spanish forces under the Duke of Alva capture Haarlem after a seven month siege.
- August-October – Unsuccessful siege of Alkmaar by Alva
- November – Alva resigns as Spanish Governor-General and Commander-in-Chief in the Netherlands, and is succeeded by Luis de Requesens, who attempts to pursue a more conciliatory policy.
- End of the Fourth War of Religion in France.
- Oda Nobunaga drives the 14th Ashikaga shogun Ashikaga Yoshiaki out of Kyoto, effectively destroying the Ashikaga shogunate and historically ending the Muromachi period. The Azuchi-Momoyama period of Japan begins.
- Sarsa Dengel, emperor of Ethiopia, defeats the Oromo.
- April 17 – Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria (d. 1651)
- July 15 – Inigo Jones, English architect (d. 1652)
- September 28 – Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio, Italian artist (d. 1610)
- October 7 – William Laud, Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1645)
- Ambrosius Bosschaert, Dutch painter (d. 1621)