1497 1498 1499 – 1500 – 1501 1502 1503
| Decades: |
1470s 1480s 1490s – 1500s – 1510s 1520s 1530s
| Centuries: |
14th century – 15th century – 16th century
Table of contents
- Europe's population was ~60 million. (Spielvogel)
- January 5 – Duke Ludovico Sforza recaptures Milan, but is soon driven out again by the French.
- April 22 – Portuguese navigator Pedro Álvares Cabral officially discovers Brazil and claims the land for Portugal.
- November 11 – Treaty of Granada – Louis XII of France and Ferdinand II of Aragon agree to divide the Kingdom of Naples between them.
- Emperor Go-Kashiwabara ascends to the throne of Japan.
- Battle of Hemmingstedt: The Danish army fails to conquer the peasants' republic of Dithmarschen.
- Second Battle of Lepanto – The Turkish fleet of Kemal Re'is defeats the Venetians. The Turks proceed to capture Modon, Lepanto, and Koron.
- The Luo, a Nilotic people from modern Sudan, settle the Cwezi states, establishing the state of Buganda. (approximate date)
- Diogo Dias is the first European to see Madagascar.
- February 24 – Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1558)
- April 12 – Joachim Camerarius (d. 1574)
- April 23 – Alexander Ales, Scottish theologian (d. 1565)
- November 1 – Benvenuto Cellini, Italian goldsmith and sculptor (d. 1571)
- Johannes Aal, Swiss theologian and composer (d. 1553)
- Erasmus Alberus, German humanist (d. 1553)
- John of Avila, Spanish mystic and saint
- Jacques Buus, Flemish composer and organist (d. 1565)
- George Cavendish, English writer (d. 1562)
- Wu Cheng'en, Chinese novelist
- Richard Cox, Dean of Westminster and Bishop of Ely (d. 1581)
- Charles Dumoulin, French jurist (d. 1566)
- Bartolomé de Escobedo, Spanish composer (d. 1563)
- Heinrich Faber, German music theorist (d. 1552)
- Federico II of Gonzaga, Marquis of Mantua (d. 1540)
- Bernhard Knipperdolling, German religious reformer (d. 1536)
- Luis de Milán, Spanish composer (d. 1561)
- Francisco de Moraes, Portuguese writer (d. 1572)
- Cristóbal de Morales, Spanish composer (d. 1553)
- Aonio Paleario, Italian humanist and reformer (d. 1570)
- Reginald Cardinal Pole, Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1558)
- Bonaventure des Périers, French author (d. 1544)
- John Rogers, English protestant martyr (d. 1555)
- Mem de Sá, Governor-General of Brazil (d. 1572)
- Maurice Scève, French poet (d. 1564)
- Peder Skram, Danish senator and naval hero (d. 1581)
- Johann Stumpf, Swiss writer (d. 1576)
- Tielman Susato, composer (d. 1562)
- Pedro de Valdivia, Spanish conquistador (d. 1554)
- Juan de Valdés, Spanish religious writer (d. 1541)
- May 29 – Bartolomeu Dias, Portuguese explorer who sailed around the Cape of Good Hope (born 1450)
- June 19 – Edmund Tudor, Duke of Somerset (born 1499)
- September 12 – Albert, Duke of Saxony
- September 15 – John Morton, Archbishop of Canterbury (born 1420)
- October 1 – John Alcock, English churchman (born 1430)
- October 21 – Emperor Go-Tsuchimikado of Japan, 103rd imperial ruler of Japan (born 1442)
- Juan Pérez de Gijón, Spanish composer (born 1460)
- Robert Henryson, Scottish poet (born 1425)
- Feodor Kuritsyn, Russian statesman
- Thomas Rotherham, English cleric and minister (born 1423)
- Spielvogel — Western Civilization — Volume II: Since 1500 (5th Edition), p.401